Specific performance is a legal term commonly used in contract law. It refers to a remedy that may be awarded to a party who has suffered a breach of contract by the other party. This remedy requires the breaching party to perform their contractual obligation as stipulated in the contract. In simple terms, it means that a party must do what they agreed to do in the contract.

Specific performance is often sought in cases where monetary compensation would not be adequate to remedy the harm caused by the breach. This usually happens in cases where the subject matter of the contract is unique or rare, such as in cases involving real estate or intellectual property. In these instances, the party who has suffered the breach may demand specific performance to ensure that the contract is fully performed.

In order to obtain specific performance, the party seeking the remedy must demonstrate that the subject matter of the contract is unique and that there is no adequate substitute available in the market. This may be done by showing that the item in question is one-of-a-kind or that its value cannot be easily measured in monetary terms.

It is important to note that not all contracts are eligible for specific performance. The remedy is typically only available for contracts in which the obligations are clear and specific. Contracts that are vague or ambiguous may not qualify for specific performance, as it may be difficult to determine exactly what the parties agreed to.

Additionally, specific performance may not be granted if it would be unjust or impractical to do so. For example, if the party who breached the contract is no longer able to perform their obligation due to circumstances beyond their control, the court may not grant specific performance.

In conclusion, specific performance is a legal remedy available to parties who have suffered a breach of contract. It requires the breaching party to perform their contractual obligations as stipulated in the contract. This remedy is typically only available for contracts in which the obligations are clear and specific, and is often sought in cases where monetary compensation would not be adequate to remedy the harm caused by the breach.